Proper care for strawberry plants

Strawberry Plant Care Learn about strawberry plant care here! Lots of strawberry care info for strawberry pests and strawberry diseases, weeding, watering and more! Growing strawberries, and gardening generally, requires lots of attention for the plants. Unfortunately, there is lots of contradictory information available on how to take care of strawberry plants, and it's easy for people who are raising strawberries to become confused.

  • Strawberry Growing Guide
  • How to Prune Strawberries
  • The Beginner’s Guide to Strawberry Plant Care in North Dakota
  • How to Grow: Strawberries
  • Planting Strawberry Plants
  • Cooperative Extension Publications
  • How to Grow Strawberries – Care and Harvest Strawberry Plants
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to grow u0026 harvest strawberry plants

Strawberry Growing Guide

The sweet, juicy red fruits signal the beginning of the fruit season in my garden. From small plants popped in the ground the previous year, comes a full bed loaded with green fruits that ripen to red almost overnight with warm weather.

Strawberries are great because you can grow them almost anywhere. They produce in a garden, a small raised bed, container, or even a hanging basket. While most gardeners are familiar with the traditional June-bearing varieties that produce in early summer and then are done for the season, newer varieties, called day neutral or everbearers, produce fruits from summer until frost.

Most strawberries produce runners or above ground stems that have babies attached to them. These babies root in the soil and quickly your strawberry plants will fill out a row, bed, or the garden if you let them.

I also like to grow small, clumping types called alpine strawberries. These produce small, red or yellow colored fruits with an intense, sweet strawberry flavor.

They make perfect kids garden plants because they produce fruits all summer long and are like hidden treasures tucked in amongst the foliage. Plant strawberry plants in spring or early summer as bare rooted plants bought through the garden center or mail, or containerized plants bought locally. Alpine strawberries can also be grown from seed, sown indoors 6- to 8-weeks before your last frost date and sown into the garden in spring after all danger of frost has passed.

Strawberries need full sun on well-drained, sandy loam soil to grow their best. On all but the sandiest soils, consider building an 8-inch tall raised bed, 2-feet wide to plant your strawberries on. The raised bed warms up and dries out faster in spring. Amend the bed with compost prior to planting.

Level the bed removing any stones or large debris. There are many planting patterns you can follow. I like to plant June bearing varieties in a matted row system. Space plants in the middle of the raised bed 2 feet apart in rows spaced 4 feet apart. Plant so the crown of the strawberry plant the place where the roots and shoots meet , is right at soil level.

Day neutral or everbearing varieties grow a little differently. Space plants 12 inches apart in a double row spaced 8 inches apart on the bed. Space beds 4 feet apart. Space alpine plants 1 foot apart in beds or rows. In the June bearing beds, remove any flowers that form the first year so the plants can get established and ready to produce a big crop next spring. As the runners form on June bearing plants, select 6 to 8 of the baby plants and space them to fill out the 2-foot wide row.

For day neutral or everbearing varieties, remove the flowers for the first 2 to 3 weeks, then let some fruits set for a small fall crop the first year. Remove flowers for a first 2 to 3 weeks, then let them set fruit. In spring, apply a balanced organic fertilizer, such as , to beds. Keep plants well watered, especially after planting.

Keep weeds away by hand weeding small patches and then mulching with a layer of straw. This straw can also be used as a winter cover. Strawberry plants grow best if protected in winter with a 4- to 6-inch thick layer of straw placed over plants in late fall. Remove the mulch in spring as soon as the coldest weather has passed and new growth is seen. Use the mulch in pathways to keep weeds away and protect the fruits from splashing mud. Overcrowded beds produce fewer berries. Renovation removes extra plants, cuts back the strawberry foliage, and allows for new spaces for strawberries to grow and fruit next year.

For small beds hand clip the strawberry foliage to 3 inches tall after harvest is finished. On larger beds, use a lawn mower to mow the bed. Collect and compost the clippings. Remove older, diseased, or weak plants to create a 1 foot wide row of berry plants in the center of the bed. Keep the beds spaced 4 feet apart. Add fertilizer to stimulate new growth and remove weeds as you clean up the bed. Eventually they will succumb to diseases.

Day neutral or ever bearing varieties will need little renovation since they produce few runners. They stay productive for a few years. Alpine strawberries will eventually need dividing once they get overcrowded. However, mine have lasted years with little extra effort. Strawberries have a number of disease, insect, and animal pest problems. The soft fruits are very susceptible to gray mold, fruit rot and slugs, especially during wet weather.

Keep beds thinned well so air can circulate freely and dry out the bed and fruits. Pick and destroy any moldy fruits to prevent it from spreading to other fruits. Slugs will eat holes in ripening fruits. Use traps, iron phosphate bait, or copper flashing on containers to stop them. Protect plants with row covers from damage by strawberry bud weevils severs blossoms from the plant.

Keeps weeds away from the beds to reduce the population of tarnish plant bugs that feed on and deform developing fruits. Birds and chipmunks love ripen strawberries. Place wire cages over small patches and bird netting over bigger patches to prevent damage.

Harvest June bearing varieties the next June after planting. Start harvesting day neutral or ever bearing varieties about 3 months after planting. Pick frequently. Fruits will over ripen quickly and attract diseases and pests. Pick the berry just above the top of the fruit or cap by pinching the stem with your fingers. Plant early, mid, and late season varieties of June bearing strawberries to get a longer season of harvest.

Text excepted from the Northeast Vegetable and Fruit Gardening book. This native American fruit was collected from wild plants until the 18th century when Europeans fell in love with strawberries and started breeding varieties with larger fruits.

Colonial Americans had already fallen in love with this fruit. The native Americans would grind them up with meal and make a bread, the precursor to the strawberry shortcake. Everbearing or day neutral strawberries produce fruit throughout the summer.

Alpine strawberries harkened back to the original wild strawberry. Plant strawberry plants now in raised beds amended with compost. Space everbearing and alpine plants 1 foot apart in double rows spaced 8 inches apart. Pick off the flowers until the beginning of July to allow the plants to get established.

Keep well watered, weeded, and fed with a balanced organic fertilizer. These strawberries also grow well planted in barrels, baskets or even self watering window boxes. Consider mixing them in containers with other flowers and small-size edibles such as parsley.

Go here for a video on caring for strawberries. Go here for a video on bird protection. How to Grow: Strawberries. Learn about the best varieties and how to grow strawberries in your garden. When to Plant Plant strawberry plants in spring or early summer as bare rooted plants bought through the garden center or mail, or containerized plants bought locally. Where to Plant Strawberries need full sun on well-drained, sandy loam soil to grow their best.

How to Plant Amend the bed with compost prior to planting. Care and Maintenance In the June bearing beds, remove any flowers that form the first year so the plants can get established and ready to produce a big crop next spring. Harvest Harvest June bearing varieties the next June after planting.

Additional Information Plant early, mid, and late season varieties of June bearing strawberries to get a longer season of harvest. Sign up for Charlie's Newsletters! Email Subscribe. View Current Newsletter. Search for:.

How to Prune Strawberries

Track your order through my orders. These delicious and aromatic fruits are the quintessential summer treat. But why settle for expensive supermarket strawberries when they're so easy to grow from seed at home? Here we'll show you how to grow strawberry plants in your veg plot, hanging baskets, and containers, and when is the best time for planting. These 'Mignonette' alpine strawberries bear dainty, sweet berries through the summer months.

Read about Planting Strawberry Plants in this Stark Bro's Growing Guide article For a complete background on how to grow strawberry plants, we recommend.

The Beginner’s Guide to Strawberry Plant Care in North Dakota

Of the three types, June-bearing strawberries normally produce the largest yield per season, but in a short period of time. Strawberry plants usually begin flowering in mid-May in southern Minnesota. For June-bearing varieties it takes about four weeks from plants flowering to picking fruit. Day neutral and ever-bearing types begin flowering around the same time in the spring and take about the same time between flowering and harvest. The difference is that they keep flowering through the summer months. In addition to leaves, flowers and fruit, a strawberry plant has a crown, roots, runners and produces daughter plants. The woodland strawberry Fragaria vesca is a day neutral strawberry species. You might also see it called alpine strawberry, fraises des bois , wild strawberry or European strawberry. The plants produce small, sweet fruit with maybe two to three berries per plant per week.

How to Grow: Strawberries

Make a donation. Strawberries are incredibly easy to grow, with sweet, juicy fruits that are hard to resist. If you plant several varieties, you can have harvests from early summer through into autumn. They take up little space, so are great in containers and even hanging baskets. Sow either in autumn or spring, into small pots or trays filled with John Innes No.

The strawberry, considered by many people to be a favourite berry crop, is ideally suited for the home garden. A small plot of land can produce all the strawberries required for an average size family.

Planting Strawberry Plants

However, when you select the hardiest cultivars, and provide a little pre-winter TLC, your favorite berry-makers can yield sweet and tasty treats year after year. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. In our comprehensive guide to growing strawberries, we cover all you need to know to plant, care for, and harvest strawberries. In this article, we focus on a few easy steps to take to winterize plants so they return with vigor each spring. If you live in a region where the ground freezes in winter, your strawberries will benefit from a few proactive measures to help them survive the coldest months of the year.

Cooperative Extension Publications

Growing strawberries in pots and hanging baskets is an easy way to enjoy super-sweet fruits all summer long. I keep a pot of strawberries on my sunny back deck as well as a few baskets in my polytunnel so I can graze as I putter in the garden. But why grow in containers? Why not plant them right in the garden? Strawberry plants are compact and perfect for tucking in small spaces like pots, planters, and baskets. Growing in pots is also a good way to foil pests like slugs that seem to know just when a strawberry is most sweet. Plus, strawberries grown in containers are generally less prone to bacterial and fungal diseases.

How to Plant Strawberries. Space plants about 12 inches apart down a row. Cover all roots but keep the middle of the crown (the central growing.

How to Grow Strawberries – Care and Harvest Strawberry Plants

The planting and cultivating of strawberries causes some work. But the efforts are certainly worthwhile. If you plant new strawberry beds in the summer, you will harvest the first fruits in the following year.

There is not a fruit that captures the essence of summer better than strawberries. Whether they spill out of strawberry towers, tumble from hanging baskets, troughs and containers or share a spot in the flower or vegetable garden. Planting strawberries in winter means the plants have plenty of time to get established to ensure you get a bumper harvest come summer. You will get the best flavour from strawberries that are planted in a sunny spot. Strawberries like to have room to breathe so give them at least 30cm of depth in the soil and at least 40cm between each row of plants. They will rot easily in these conditions so ensure your soil drains well.

Regular feeding is essential for the best results from a strawberry bed , try not to simply add some fertilizer on planting and then assume that this will do them for subsequent years.

Have a friend who admires your berry garden? A Nourse Farms Gift Certificate gets them on their way to their own fruitful adventure We include our very own Planting Guide with every order. It's a great resource for our customers, and it will lead you thrrough the entire planting process. Do you want to grow strawberries? This "how to grow" section is dedicated to providing helpful information and suggestions for your success! June Bearing Strawberry Plants: These varieties can provide berries for approximately weeks if you include Early Season through Late Season varieties in your garden.

Strawberries are either summer-bearing or everbearing. Summer-bearing strawberries tend to grow bigger fruits and produce one larger harvest over a two-week period in the summer. The exact timing depends on the cultivar. These larger harvests are ideal if you plan to make jam with your strawberries, as you will require a glut of fruit in order to do this.

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